Future of payments 2023

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A growing proportion of central banks expect to issue a central bank digital currency within three to five years, but doing so will require the assistance of a variety of different private sector partners, OMFIF’s 2023 survey of central banks finds.

Central banks have, by and large, already enlisted the aid of technology companies and commercial banks in their CBDC design journeys, but payment service providers are set to take on a much more prominent role. Only 45% of central banks are currently working with payment service providers, but over 80% say they intend to.

However, only around 20% of banks say they expect to work with marketing and promotion providers. This is perhaps surprising given that low adoption was the biggest concern for respondents to the survey.

Central banks have not yet enlisted external help in the areas of interoperability, cross-border connectivity and offline payments but they say they intend to in the future.

For more details of central banks’ plans, download OMFIF’s Future of payments report, featuring a full breakdown of the survey results, as well as thought leadership on the growth of regional payment systems, the challenges of regulating a dynamic and global payments market and the place of stablecoins and cryptocurrencies in cross-border payments.

Key findings:

  • 38% of central banks said financial inclusion was a primary motivation for pursuing a CBDC, all from emerging markets
  • 41% of central banks expect to have launched a CBDC by 2028
  • 46% of central bank said low adoption was their biggest concern when considering a CBDC, but only 21% intend to work with marketing advisers
  • 17% of central banks are aiming to decrease the share of cross-border trade settled in dollars
  • 72% of central banks are unsure that blockchain or distributed ledger technology will be used in future payment systems
  • $11tn was transacted in stablecoins in 2022
  • 47% of central banks believe interlinking fast payment systems is the most promising avenue to solve issues in cross-border payments


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